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International trade is a key driver of economic growth and can have important implications for the green transition. It plays a prominent role in the discussions at 3GF and a huge potential for green growth lies hidden in green trade liberalisation.


International trade and the green transition


The impact of international trade on a green transition is manifold. Trade drives economic growth - a key element of green growth and sustainable development. Trade liberalisation can help improve environmental health by expanding access to environmental goods and services, lowering prices by increased competition, ensuring a more efficient use of resources and supporting transitions towards cleaner and more services orientated economies.

Trade in low-carbon and energy-efficient technology can help combat climate change by creating international markets for green technologies. According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 2011 saw a record $211 billion of global investment in renewables: a third more than in 2009 and a 540% rise since 2004. The German Institute for Economic Research, DIW (2009) estimates that the global market will grow from $1.2 to $1.9 trillion by 2020.


Sessions on Trade at 3GF 2016

Sessions on Trade at 3F 2012

Sessions on Trade at 3GF 2011